Welcome to the Yakutat Tlingit Tribe Environmental Department Page
YTT ENVIRONMENTAL: FISHERIES PROGRAM
Developing conservation concerns about local salmon stocks have highlighted the need for building fisheries monitoring and management capacity at the Yakutat Tlingit Tribe. The Situk River has historically been one of the most productive salmon rivers in Alaska and is the primary resource of subsistence salmon for the community. In recent years, our salmon populations have declined. YTT’s Fisheries Biologist will be monitoring the Situk River to instill place-based knowledge and to stimulate stewardship. Being on the River almost every day during peak seasons, the biologist will gain stronger understanding of issues or data gaps needed to inform management. The biologist will engage in the management process on behalf of YTT, implement a fisheries program, projects, and attend fishery conferences to have YTT presence.
Federal Subsistence Management
Since 1990, the federal government has regulated subsistence trapping, hunting, and fishing on federal public lands and waters. In Alaska, rural subsistence takes priority under the Title VIII of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). The federal Subsistence Board oversees the federal management program, which is made up of directors from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and U.S. Forest Service. The Southeast Subsistence Regional Advisory Council informs the Federal Subsistence Board on local issues in their regions. The regional advisory councils provide opportunity for rural residents to participate in the subsistence regulatory and management processes. Resource users have an opportunity for public comment or proposal when the regulations are put up for change. During even years, fisheries proposals are considered, while during odd years, wildlife proposals are considered.
As a rural resident of Alaska, you can propose changes to:
• Federal subsistence season dates
• Harvest limits
• Methods and means of harvest
• Customary and traditional use determinations
To submit public comment on any of these issues, follow these guidelines provided by U.S. Department of the Interior.
Southeast regional council coordinators facilitate communication between the Councils and the Federal Subsistence Boards. Contact the southeast region’s council coordinator for more information on the activities of each council – DeAnna Perry Juneau (907) 586-7918 Fax: (907) 586-7877 firstname.lastname@example.org.
Federal Subsistence Fishing Regulations:
The most recent subsistence fishing regulations can be found online here, where gear types, fishing methods, Yakutat specifications, and other special provisions can be found.
Historically, Tlingit clans had subsistence territories they managed themselves for the health of the land and the community’s needs. Today, this relationship to ancestral lands and waters is still important to tribal citizens. Since the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) was enacted in 1980, decisions have been made through a dual management system. In Yakutat, the Fish and Game Advisory Committee meets biannually to discuss current events and reach agreements on what action to take. Public comments are welcome to help guide decisions and best represent the interests of local peoples. Yakutat’s consensus then is taken to the Board of Fish, where final decisions are made. To voice your opinion or concern on local issues regarding state regulations, submit a comment or a proposal on something that’s important to you.
Comments are due two weeks before the corresponding Board of Fish meeting, schedule can be found here. Proposals can also be sent to P.O. Box 115526 Juneau, AK 99811-5523; or submitted by fax to 907-465-6094.
For additional information, call Yakutat’s Advisory Committee Coordinator, Annie Bartholomew, at 907-465-4046 or email email@example.com
river ranger partnership
The YTT Fisheries Biologist is partnering with the USFS River Ranger to serve as the primary contacts to the public. The team’s primary job is to contact Situk users to promote stewardship and cultural awareness. Being on the river almost every day during peak fishing seasons, they can provide a range of services.
YTT Fisheries Biologist and USFS River Ranger will communicate conservation messages to anglers streamside on topics like catch and release, don’t tread on redds, salmon ecology, angler etiquette, regulations, alternative fishing sites, and habitat degradation. The biologist provides river users with context about history and cultural importance of salmon.
In the past, brown bears learning to associate anglers with a fish has been a safety concern for both people and bears on the Situk. However, in coordination with the USFS Wildlife biologist and Fish and Game, the River Rangers have aggressively worked to curb the behaviors amongst fisherman that lead to this problem. The consistent presence of the partners alone will prompt stewardship and good behavior amongst the varied Situk River users. Finally, in some cases education isn’t enough and at least one of the rangers is a Forest Protection Officer able to enforce regulations.
Subsistence Users Encouraged to Plan Ahead for 2020 Moose Season and Obtain Joint State/Federal Moose Permit Online